20 Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning in Nigerian Kitchens

20 Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning Popular in Nigerian Kitchens

20 Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning
20 Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning

Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning are a reflection of the country’s long culinary tradition as well as its abundant natural resources of herbs and seeds.

Nigeria’s cuisine culture, like that of the rest of Africa, bears the scars of colonialism and commerce with other continents.

These characteristics are mirrored in the wide range of tastes found in West African dishes.

The flavor of Nigerian foods is distinctive. Spices, herbs, and seasonings are used to prepare them, which is one of the main reasons.

But, in addition to flavor, these spices provide nutritious value to the food you eat.

My investigation has revealed that there are considerably more traditional Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning than we are aware of, let alone use.

My rationale is that if our forefathers were able to prepare fantastic, wonderful, delicious, and nutritious meals with them back then, I see no reason why we shouldn’t be able to do it now!

I believe the challenge is gaining an understanding of what Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning are, where to buy/source them (from Nigerian local markets, spice market in Nigeria), and how to best use them, all of which are nicely stated in this article.

Therefore, relax, because I’ll share with you my expertise of the few Nigerian spices, herbs, & seasonings that I’ve used in my Nigerian kitchen.

Please feel free to add your experience with Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning, ideas, or general remarks to this non-exhaustive list.

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Here’s a look at some of Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning, as well as their nutritional and therapeutic properties.

Before We Continue, Please Note >>>

Do you consider garlic and ginger to be seasonings? Even if they are, they aren’t worth mentioning because I don’t use them very often in my cooking.

I only use garlic and ginger when I’m creating Western dishes that require them.

Nigerian Spices, Herbs, & Seasoning Popular in My Nigerian Kitchen

  1. Salt/sodium chloride

Salt is the only condiment that provides our food flavor. I season everything I make with salt, but only a pinch. My family did not consume a lot of salt when I was growing up.

I’ve become used to not eating a lot of salt to the point where I can eat dinner without any salt at all.

I rarely add salt to Egusi Soup because egusi takes on a salty flavor when cooked. And, by the time you add salty stockfish, crayfish, and stock cubes, the Egusi Soup may already be salty enough for me and my family. When making Egusi Soup, keep in mind that it is quite easy for it to become salty.

  1. Thyme

Thyme is an intriguing spice with a wide range of uses. This spice provides several health advantages. Thyme, for example, has been shown to protect the heart and enhance blood circulation.

It has also been connected to the treatment of respiratory disorders like bronchitis and seasonal allergies. Thyme, on the other hand, may induce stomach discomfort if you have a sensitive stomach.

It can also be used in a variety of ways. You can use it to season meat or make Jollof or fried rice with it.

  1. Curry leaves

Curry leaves are frequently used in the preparation of fried or jollof rice to give the cuisine a distinct flavor. Calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamins A, B, C, and E are all found in the leaves.

Curry leaves have several health benefits, including:

  • Reducing blood cholesterol
  • Lowering blood sugar in diabetics

Curry leaves have several health benefits, including:

  1. Black pepper

Black pepper is another spice that is noted for imparting a distinct flavor to meals. It’s commonly used to give pepper soup a classic spicy flavor.

Black pepper’s origins can be traced back to South India. However, the pepper has been grown in tropical nations such as Nigeria, where it has thrived.

The following are some of the nutritional advantages:

  • Cancer prevention

Vitamin C, vitamin A, flavonoids, carotenes, and other anti-oxidants included in the spice aid to eliminate free radicals and protect the body’s cells. As this breast cancer treatment revealed, it is claimed to be twice as effective as turmeric in preventing cancer.

It is preferable to eat freshly ground pepper rather than frying it with your cuisine.

  • Digestion

Black pepper contains piperine, which stimulates the stomach to create more acid, which aids digestion.

  • Infections of the respiratory tract and allergies

Due to its antibacterial properties, black pepper can be used to treat colds and coughs.

You can add a teaspoon of honey to the crushed black pepper.

It may also aid in the relief of chest congestion. To do so, combine the black pepper with hot water and eucalyptus oil. The pepper is also high in vitamin C, which aids in the treatment of colds.

  • Loss of weight

Black pepper is also a fantastic weight-loss aid. It contains phytonutrients that can aid in the breakdown of fat cells and the enhancement of


  • Improves skin

Although black pepper is a good exfoliant, it should not be used directly on the skin. You can mix it with a little honey and then apply it to your skin. This combination can also aid in the removal of wrinkles and vitiligo.

  • Depression

Piperine, found in black pepper, stimulates the brain and aids its healthy functioning. This has been demonstrated to be beneficial in the treatment of depression.

You can also add freshly crushed pepper to practically any dish. Salads, soups, pasta, and other dishes fall within this category. The best option is to use freshly ground pepper.

  1. Calabash nutmeg

Depending on where you are from in the country, it is called ehu, ehuru, or ariwo.

The essential oils included in the seed are responsible for the nutmeg’s scent and smell.

Always use tablespoons, and the longer you let it infuse, the more flavorful your food will be.

Nutmeg is high in potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin A, as well as a variety of flavonoid anti-oxidants.

  1. Onions

Onions are a flavor enhancer that can be used in meat, fish, chicken, or soups.

You can also use it to make oatmeal, jollof rice, and beans. Some traditional dishes, such as bitter leaf soup or ora soup, may not function well with onions. It can, however, be added to pepper soup.

Onions, when eaten raw, have been shown to cut harmful cholesterol levels. It also contains quercetin, which plays an important role in cancer prevention.

  1. Ogiri Okpei

Okpei Ogiri is a popular Igbo spice that is fermented, mashed, and compressed locust bean. In the same way, the Yorubas name the unfermented one iru.

If you’re not sure how to make ogiri, here’s a simple tutorial:

  1. Firstly, sort the seeds, wash them, and clean them in water.
  2. Then, boil the seeds until they are soft enough to handle. Afterward, for simple removal, pull off the covering.
  3. After that, wash the seeds once again and remove any excess water using a sieve.
  4. Fourthly, put the seed in a container and cover it with leaves from the area. Plantain leaves can be used.
  5. Now, allow for fermentation to take place over a four-day period. To speed up the process, place the container in direct sunshine.
  6. Finally, after the seed has fermented, grind it into a smooth, thick paste, then mold it into little balls and let it out to dry in direct sunshine.

Your ogiri is now ready to use after drying. The fat, protein, and carbohydrate content of locust beans is high.

It is also a good source of fat and calcium for people who live in rural areas.

Among the nutritional benefits are:

  • Lowers blood sugar and cholesterol levels
  • Enhances vision
  • It stimulates the digestive system.
  • Treats hypertension and stroke.
  • Controls the spread of germs
  • Relieves diarrhea
  • Weight loss

The crushed bark of the locust bean tree has also been reported to aid wound healing. When combined with other ingredients, it can be used to treat leprosy.

  1. Anise Seeds

Seeds of anise contain essential volatile oil with a distinct sweet and aromatic scent.

The seeds contain anethole, an essential oil that gives them their distinct scent.

Both the fruit husks and the seed oil can be used as a seasoning for your food.

Anise seed oil has been connected to a variety of qualities, including digestive, expectorant, stimulant, carminative, tonic, antispasmodic, and antiseptic effects.

The B vitamins pyridoxine, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine are all found in abundance in the seeds.

Anise seeds contain antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin A and C, as well as minerals such as calcium, iron, copper, potassium, manganese, zinc, and magnesium.

Because of the potassium component in anise seeds, which helps to manage heart rate and lower blood pressure, it may be beneficial to persons with hypertension and cardiac problems.

Copper boosts the development of red blood cells, which is beneficial to persons who are anemic.

Anise seed is accessible all year in both dry and powdered forms. It is recommended that you purchase them in small quantities because essential oils evaporate with time and lose their flavor.

You can keep your product in cool, dark settings in sealed containers.

Anise seeds can be used to treat a variety of ailments, including asthma, bronchitis, and cough.

Flatulence, bloating, colicky stomach discomfort, nausea, and indigestion are all symptoms of digestive diseases.

Anise seed decoction can aid in the production of breast milk in nursing moms.

When children have runny nose, anise seed water can help them.

You can add anise seed oil or fresh leaves to your food when cooking. The mixture imparts a pleasant, aromatic flavor to your food.

Traditional soups, sauces, bread, cake, and biscuits are just a few of the meals that this spice can be used in.

  1. Scent Leaves 

It’s also known as beletientien leaf or sweet basil. It’s a fragrant herb used mostly for its scent and therapeutic properties. It can be purchased either fresh or dried.

When making soups and stews, scent leaves can be a nice addition. It can also be put to suya to make it more flavorful. The scent leaves aids with blood circulation.

  1. Dried herring

Dried herring, also known as shawa or Bonga fish, is not a spice, but it adds a traditional taste and flavor to traditional dishes like mon-moin and ifokore.

Herrings contain omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to improve brain function.

  1. Turmeric

Turmeric is known to the Yorubas as ata’le pupa. It comes in three different forms: fresh, dried, and powdered.

When used in soups, stews, and marinades, it adds a particular flavor to the dish. It can also be used to make zobo or ginger tea.

Turmeric is well-known for its immune-boosting properties.

  1. Lemon Grass 

Lemongrass is a type of grass that grows in

Because of its pleasant scent, the Urhobo people frequently use lemongrass.

Traditional pepper and yam porridge can be made with it. It can also be used to make fish or chicken-based dishes.

Lemongrass can be used to make tea as well.

Lemongrass can help with gastrointestinal problems, fever, and the common cold.

  1. Bay leaf

The bay leaf is a dark green leaf with a strong odor. Soups, stocks, and broth are all made with it.

Bay leaves come in complete dried leaves and can be utilized in Jollof and fried rice dishes.

Calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, and manganese are all abundant in the bay leaf.

It has proven to be effective in the treatment of arthritis and other types of bodily aches and pains.

  1. Cloves

Kanafuru is the Yoruba word for it. The clove plant’s dried flower buds have a distinct sweet aroma and spicy flavor.

It can be used as a seasoning in a wide range of dishes. Pepper soup, suya, and other savory meat dishes are among them.

Clove has long been used to treat toothaches.

  1. Cumin

Cumin is a distinct spice. It tastes similar to mil curry, but it has a more delicate and pleasant flavor.

It can be used to make fried rice and jollof rice.

  • Boosting the immune system • Asthma and bronchitis treatment • Treating anemia are just a few of the health benefits.
  1. Shallot

Shallots are known as alubosa were in Yoruba. Shallots are a cross between onions and garlic. It has a subtle sweetness to it and can be used to season meat and seafood dishes. It can also be sliced and sprinkled on salads as a garnish.

Shallot’s health benefits are similar to onions’, including cancer prevention and lowering harmful cholesterol levels.

  1. Chives

Chives are a type of onion that belongs to the onion family. Salads are garnished with the stem.

It doesn’t have to be cooked with a meal to be effective. Improved heart health, bone health, and vision are just a few of the advantages.

  1. Paprika

Paprika’s origins may be traced back to Spain, and it’s often available in dried and powdered forms.

It can be used in soups and stews to provide depth. Because of its strong red color, it can also be used to color the stew.

Vitamins A, E, B6, iron, and capsaicin are all found in paprika. The antihypertensive characteristics of capsaicin are well-known.

  1. Uziza Leaves

Leaves of Uziza is a green vegetable/herb with a sweet scent that is used to flavor soups. When making ibaba soup, it is often utilized by the Igbo and Efik people.

Uziza seeds can also be used to season soups like Banga and pepper soup with a spicy flavor.

Uziza leaves can be used to treat indigestion, flatulence, diarrhea, and dysentery, among other gastrointestinal issues.

  1. Uda

Negro pepper is another name for it. Uda has a fragrant crisp flavor with a faint bitter undertone, thus it should be used sparingly.

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Pepper soup and Banga soup can be made with it. According to some studies, this pepper can be used to both induce labor and stimulate appetite.

Disclaimer: In our posts, we simply offer general information. It cannot be considered as an alternative to authorized medical observation.

You are advised to refer to a medical doctor for further suggestions.



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