Ghana Food: Top 25 Most Popular Foods in Ghana
Notwithstanding being a small country, Ghanaian cuisine is delicious and ready to be discovered.
Aside from its heroic struggles, the country is also known for its delectable gastronomy. It is difficult to discover a country with a small population but diverse cuisine like Ghana.
Cassava and plantain are common staple meals in Ghana’s southern region. The main staple foods in the northern region are millet and sorghum.
Facts about Ghana Food
The normal staple foods in the southern part of Ghana include plantain and cassava. In the northern part, the major staple foods include millet and sorghum.
Yam, maize, and beans are utilized across Ghana as staple foods. Sweet potatoes and cocoyam are also essential in the Ghanaian diet and cuisine.
Ghana, with its small size, was at the vanguard of the campaign for independence from colonialism, being the first Sub-Saharan country to do it.
Not only is Ghana known for outstanding leaders such as Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, but its cuisine is unquestionably among the greatest in West Africa.
It has created a name for itself in the sub-culinary region’s arts and is well-known throughout the continent for its fiery soups, and corn-based and cassava-based meals.
Ghana food is as diverse as its people, with each ethnic group having its own special dish.
From coastal towns to savannah regions, the tropical country is riddled with over a thousand and one diverse delicacies.
Some meals, on the other hand, are well-known for their delectability and are enjoyed by practically all Ghanaians.
Ghana’s Most Popular Dishes ~ Ghana Foods
Because tropical foods like corn, beans, millet, plantains, cassava, hot peppers, and tomatoes are so common, most cuisines include at least one of them in their preparation.
A starchy staple, such as yams, cornbread, or plantain, is generally served alongside meat or beans in a stew or soup.
Without further ado, here are the most popular traditional meals of Ghana, but before that, here’s a quick primer to help you understand the Ghana food culture as The Star of Africa (one of Ghana’s many nicknames).
Ghanaians, like Europeans, split their meals into breakfast, lunch, and supper. Though there is an obvious gap between what food can be consumed for breakfast, lunch and dinner do not.
So, what can be eaten at lunch can also be eaten for supper, and vice versa. It is uncommon for Ghanaians to eat breakfast meals during dinner or lunch, although it does happen.
Ghana Food ~ Most Popular Soups in Ghana
Groundnut soup, light (tomato) soup, kontomire (taro leaves) soup, palm nut soup, ayoyo soup, and okra soup are all popular Ghanaian soups.
Ghanaian tomato stew, often known as gravy, is a stew that is commonly served with rice or waakye.
Other vegetables used in stews include kontomire, garden eggs, egusi (pumpkin seeds), spinach, okra, and others.
So, from the gulf to the north, here is a list of the key soups that everyone enjoys.
Peanut/Groundnut Butter Soup ~ Ghana Food
Peanut/groundnut butter soup is made with, obviously, peanut butter.
The creamy soup is produced by combining peanut butter and water and stirring it until the oil in the peanut butter comes to the surface.
It is then prepared with boiled and blended tomatoes, pepper, onions, ginger, and garlic to give it its distinct flavor. You can add any type of meat or fish you like.
Light Soup (Tomato Soup) ~ Ghana Food
It is very easy to cook and highly spicy. It is locally referred to as light soup due to its lightness/thinness in comparison to peanut butter soup.
Simply boil the peppers, tomatoes, and garden eggs together before blending.
Sieve the chaff and mix in the onions, garlic, and ginger. Before adding the meat to the soup, it is cooked separately with spices to guarantee that it is soft and tasty.
Okra Soup ~ Ghana Food
The soup’s name is derived from the main ingredient, okra.
Depending on where you live, this soup comes in two varieties: dried okra soup and fresh okra soup.
Southerners cultivate fresh okra and use it, whilst Northerners grow dried okra due to their dry weather. It is eaten with a variety of meals, as we will see shortly.
After going over the major soups popular in Ghana, let’s explore into the world of Ghanaian cuisine.
Ghanaian cuisine food history ~ easy Ghanaian food recipes
Many Ghanaian cuisines lack English names or their counterparts, in addition to their American or European ‘equivalents’ (because they are that unique). As a result, I will do my possible best to explain them in detail.
Ghana breakfast menu ~ tasty Ghanaian breakfast meals that make your day better
Most Ghanaians choose to have breakfast based on their occupation and social standing in society.
White-collar workers like light snacks such as tea, chocolate drinks, or oatmeal with toast or biscuits.
Those whose jobs involve manual labor, on the other hand, like “heavy meals,” such as plain rice or beans with sauce or stew.
- Koko with Koose (Corn Meal Porridge and Bean Cake/Bread)
Although this meal can be consumed at any time of day, it is most commonly consumed for breakfast in Ghana.
It is normal to observe a long line of buyers waiting to purchase this delicacy – queuing for food is frequent in most African cities.
The dish is made with corn dough that has been fermented for a few days (3 days) to make it more flavorful.
Unfermented cornbread typically has a stinging and sour aftertaste. Traditionally, cornmeal porridge is served with bean cakes or bread.
- Hominy Corn Porridge ~ Ghana Food
This favorite breakfast is similar to European hominy grits. It’s cooked from hominy corn, and that’s all you need to make this filling breakfast.
It is cooked in water for a few hours to soften the maize before being served. Because of its nutritional value, it is a very tasty breakfast that is enjoyed by both parents and children.
Because raw hominy corn porridge has a sour flavor, sugar and milk are added to sweeten and make it more pleasant.
- Rice Water Porridge ~ Ghana Food
Rice water porridge is another simple yet nutritious breakfast option. This simple but delectable breakfast, popular in Ghana’s southern and middle belts, takes only three ingredients: water, salt, and rice.
Ideas for Lunch/Dinner in Ghana
A Ghanaian’s most significant meals are lunch and dinner. As I previously stated, there is no distinction between food prepared for lunch and food prepared for the evening; the two are similar.
- Banku with Soup and Seafood ~ Ghana Food
Banku is a fermented corn dough and cassava dough mixture that is blended and swirled in boiling water until it turns solid.
It is a popular dish in Ghana’s southern, eastern, and western regions.
Banku is served with a variety of soups, stews, and sauces, ranging from peanut butter soup to pounded palm nut soup.
However, okra stew or soup is the most popular soup that goes well with banku. Cowskin, also known as ‘wele’ in the local dialect, is served with any seafood of choice
- Fufu and Soup ~ Ghana Food
This dish is popular throughout the country and its surroundings.
In Francophone nations, it is called foufou or foutou, whereas, in English-speaking areas, such as Nigeria, it is called fufu.
It is made from cooked tropical cassava and plantain or yam that has been mashed to a pulp and is served with mostly mild soup.
Fufu pairs well with peanut butter soup, pounded-palm nut soup, and spinach or cocoyam leaf vegetable soup. The best fufu with soup meal includes snails, mushrooms, and fish.
- Waakye (Rice and Beans with Millet Leaves) ~ Ghana Food
This is one of the most beloved foods in most Ghanaian households. The major ingredients in this dish, as the name says, are rice and beans, which are both simmered in water with millet leaves until mushy.
The delicacy is called after millet leaves, which are known locally as waakye.
It is typically served with yellowish granulated cassava, tomato sauce, and a strong black pepper sauce is known as’shito.’
Waakye is typically eaten with cow meat and eggs, but some people add chicken or guinea fowl.
- Rice Balls (Omotuo) with Peanut-Butter Soup ~ Ghana Food
Southerners adore this meal so much that it has its own day devoted to its consumption – Sunday afternoons.
Some local establishments, dubbed “Chop Bars,” solely serve this dish on Sundays. Omotuo is created by stirring boiled rice into little balls, thus the term rice balls.
When the balls are properly mixed, they become soft and silky, making them easy to gulp down with peanut butter soup. To top it all off, this dish is accompanied by a variety of offals
- Etor (Mashed Yam with Eggs) ~ Ghana Food
Because it is used for religious purposes, mashed yam with eggs is commonly referred to as a “meal for the gods.” Outside of religion, it can be consumed whenever and anywhere you like.
It’s delicious and simple to make, which may be why the gods adore it. Simply boil and mash yam till tender.
Add some heated palm oil and boiled eggs, and you’re set to go. Food for the gods can also be enjoyed by mortals.
- Yam Pottage ~ Ghana Food
Yam, like many other staple foods in Ghana, can be used to make a variety of meals, including yam pottage.
Yam pottage is yam that has been infused with tomato soup and flavored with dry anchovies and garlic to make it more flavorful.
You can cook yam pottage (also known as yam porridge) however you choose because there are so many different types.
Others substitute palm oil for tomato soup. To give it an attractive and appetizing aroma, dried sardines and salted dry tilapia are added.
- Tuo Zaafi ~ Ghana Food
Tou Zaafi, often known as TZ, is a popular drink among the people of Northern Ghana, particularly the Dagombas.
It takes some skill to prepare because it is made from dried cornflour. It’s incredibly gentle and easy to take.
It, like the banku and fufu stated earlier, it requires some soup to consume with it.
The most popular soup served with TZ is jute leaf soup, often known as ‘ayoyo’ in the local dialect. Depending on your preferences, you can add tomato stew or just keep the jute leaves.
- Tubaani (Bean Pudding) ~ Ghana Foods
Tubaani, like TZ, has a strong following among the inhabitants of Northern Ghana and the Zongo villages to the south.
It has a distinct and pleasant aroma that draws a large number of customers once it is ready.
It is made from ground black-eyed peas or beans and is blended with water to make a pudding,
- Wasawasa (Yam Flour Meal) ~ Ghana Food
This is one of the most highly regarded dishes in the North. According to legend, if your immediate surroundings are filthy, your food will turn sour and unpalatable.
As a result, individuals go to great lengths to clean their surroundings before making a meal to avoid a bland meal.
It is made from ground yam fluor, which turns into dark brown or black small balls during the cooking process. It has a highly sweet taste and is popular with everyone, especially royalty.
Wasawasa is served with fiery black pepper and stew topped with chopped onions and tomatoes
- Plantain and Kontomire Stew (Plantain and Cocoyam Leave Stew)
Plantain and cocoyam leaves, like many Ghanaian dishes, are eaten fresh from the field since cooking with stale cocoyam leaves and plantain makes the cuisine unpleasant and less flavorful.
The sight and scent of fresh cocoyam and plantain leaves make your mouth wet. The recipe is easy and can be prepared in about an hour.
The plantain is peeled and boiled, while the cocoyam leaves are sliced, boiled, and pulverized in a ‘apotoyiwa’ or ceramic bowl created locally. hot palm oil is drizzled over the leaves with salted fish and boiled eggs,
The fried oil and salted fish emit a strong and pleasant scent that attracts flies, thus it’s not recommended to eat this delicacy outdoors
- Fried Yam Chips and Octopus/Fish
Though it is similar to KFC’s chicken and chips, it is completely different since the local vendors fry the yam till it turns crisp.
It is served with tomato gravy or the well-known black pepper sauce,’ shito.’
Depending on your area, several types of fried fish and fowl can be added to meet your protein requirements.
Those who live near the sea will typically add fried octopus or fish, while those who live inland may substitute fried chicken or cow meat.
Fried yam and chips can be found in all of Ghana’s main towns, including tourist attractions. It is inexpensive, simple to prepare, and accessible.
This West African meal might fill an entire book if am to write.
Its origin has traditionally been a source of contention between the West African nations of Nigeria, Senegal, and Ghana, with each claiming ‘ownership’ of the popular rice dish.
The delicious dish is made by cooking rice in a tomato stew that has already been prepared. It is easy to prepare and should be ready in an hour.
As a side dish, it is served with chicken, goat, or cow meat and salad.
- Akple with Okra Soup
The Volta Region of Ghanaians is particularly familiar with the word akple. It is quite similar to banku and even has the same constituents.
The main distinction between banku and akple is that banku uses corn dough, whereas akple uses cornflour. Those from the southern Volta
Region enjoys their Akple with okra soup and crabs, whilst those from the northern Volta Region prefer their Akple with pepper sauce and anchovies.
If there is one dish that is popular throughout Ghana, it is this one.
Because cassava, the key component, grows in practically every region of Ghana, almost every tribe prepares this meal.
It is composed of cassava and has a number of amusing nicknames, including “face the wall,” “black gold,” “agyenkwa” (savior), and “lapiwa.”
Kokonte is typically served with peanut butter soup; the two complement each other perfectly.
It is also served with different soups, such as palm kernel and okra soups with various fish or meat.
Others prefer to use pepper sauce and anchovies.
- Angwamu (Oil Rice) Baby Rice
Ghanaian oil rice, known as Angwamu in the south and baby rice in the north, is one of the easiest foods to make.
All you need is water, vegetable oil, salt, and onions, and your meal will be ready in thirty minutes.
It is liked by people of all ages, but it is especially suggested for babies, which is why it is referred to as baby rice.
The delectable dish is served with pepper sauce and fried eggs or sardines.
Another dish popular among Ghanaians is kenkey. It is one of the cuisines that bring Ghanaians together because it is available almost everywhere.
It is known locally as either komi or dorkunu. The dish is made of cooked corn dough wrapped in dry corn husks.
It is a time-consuming dinner to make, therefore it should not be done when you are tired or hungry.
Because of the time and energy required to prepare it, most households prefer to purchase it from food vendors.
It is typically served with pepper sauce and hot black pepper sauce (shito), as well as fried fish.
- Plantain Chips
This is a highly popular food that everyone enjoys. It is available in two flavors: ripe plantain and unripe plantain.
Both are delicious, but many residents prefer the ripe plantain chips to the unripe ones due to their sweet flavor. Plantain chips are made in the same way that french fries are.
The plantain is peeled and sliced into flat chips before being salted and fried till crisp. They are really sweet and crispy and cost less than a dollar.
- Bofrot (Fried Doughnuts)
Ghana has its own form of doughnut known as ‘bofrot.’ It is a popular snack that is served alongside Koko (corn dough porridge)
It is mostly eaten for breakfast, while some individuals eat it as a snack. Its preparation is time-consuming, and if done incorrectly, it might burn.
Flour, eggs, vegetable oil, and dry yeast are combined to make it. It is then deep-fried till golden brown and ready for consumption.
- Bean Cakes (Koose)
Ghana has a variety of cuisines that use beans and cowpeas as main ingredients because it grows them. Bean cakes are a prime example.
These cakes are served with cornbread or millet porridge. They are common in the north but may also be found in Ghana’s major cities.
Bean cakes have a crunchy exterior layer and a soft core when properly fried. Some people add pepper to make it a little spicy and to improve the flavor, but they taste just great without it.
- Agbeli Kaklo
‘Agbeli’ is a Ewe name for cassava; kaklo has no English counterpart, and because it is indigenous to Ghana, there is no foreign equivalent.
It is created from salted and fried grated cassava. This sweet snack is accompanied by hard coconut. It is crisp and crispy on the outside and soft on the inside.
Though Agbeli Kaklo originated among the Ewe tribe, it quickly became popular on the streets of Accra, Ghana’s capital city.
- Nkatie Cake (Peanut Cake)
Nkatie, a Twi term for peanut, is ground and mixed with melted sugar to make a sweet bar.
Because of its sweetness, it is a favorite snack among schoolchildren.
Nkatie cake has crossed all regional and national boundaries, with Guinea and Senegal embracing the delectable dessert.
- Gari (Granulated Cassava) Soaking
Gari soaking is Ghana’s equivalent of cornflakes. It is a simple dish that may be eaten for lunch or as a snack. Gari soaking is a name that says it all.
It is made from soaked gari (granulated cassava) and eaten with peanuts and sugar. In addition to the components listed above, other versions of this meal include salt.
It is incredibly tasty and the least expensive supper on this list. As a result, it is extremely common throughout the country. Students, particularly boarders, adore this dish and have given it various titles.
Some refer to it as The Student’s Companion, while others refer to it as The Life Saver, among a variety of other names.
Ghanaian food is as unique as its people. Because of its welcoming citizens, Ghana has been dubbed the “Gateway to Africa.”
It is a melting pot of civilizations with some intriguing and entertaining traditions. Its tourist attractions draw nearly a million visitors each year.
It recently hosted the Year of Return, an event championed by the President of the Republic. During the Year of Return, a large number of tourists descended on the country to enjoy the splendor of its warm sun.
Despite the fact that it is a small country, its heart is large enough to accept everyone.
People also ask
What is Ghana’s famous food? Common Ghanaian dishes
- Banku and grilled tilapia fish.
- Red-red: bean and fish stew with fried plantain.
- Beans, plantain, and chicken.
- “One Man Thousand”: cooked shrimp and fried Tanganyika sardine.
- Ghanaian Kɔkɔ a y’atoto (nickname: Kofi Broke Man) charcoal-roasted ripe plantain.
What is the national dish of Ghana?
A starchy side dish, Fufu is Ghana’s national dish and an important accompaniment to various stews and sauce-based dishes.
It is also very common and often eaten throughout West and Central Africa
What are 5 traditional foods?
5 Traditional Foods That Everyone Should Be Eating
- Fermented Cod Liver Oil. Scandinavian Vikings had drums of cod livers fermenting by the doors of their homes
- Bone Broth
- Beet Kvass
What is the most delicious food in Ghana?
Ghanaian Food: 8 Must-Try Traditional Dishes of Ghana
- Yam Pottage.
- Tuo Zaafi.
- Wasawasa (Yam Flour Meal)
- Jollof Rice
What is a typical breakfast in Ghana?
Hausa Koko and Kose is by tradition a fully vegan Ghanaian breakfast consisting of a hot and spicy millet porridge (Hausa koko) served with fried bean fritters (kose).
It is a celebration of local ingredients, spices, and techniques and is truly a breakfast of champions
What do they drink in Ghana?
Akpeteshie is the national spirit of Ghana, produced by either distilling palm wine or sugar cane
What does Banku taste like?
Banku looks similar to a white ball of dough, that’s soft and elastic in texture. It has a sour taste owing to the fermented dough.
To curtail and balance the tanginess of this dumpling, it is usually eaten with savory-spicy Ghanaian stews and soups.
What food is Africa known for?
8 of Africa’s favorite dishes
- Pap en vleis/Shisa nyama, South Africa. Feast your eyes on these succulent steaks
- Piri piri chicken, Mozambique. Stop
- Jollof rice and egusi soup, Nigeria
- Chambo with nsima, Malawi
- Namibian venison, Namibia
- Bunny chow, South Africa
- Kapenta with sadza, Zimbabwe
- Muamba de Galinha, Angola.
What can I eat for dinner in Ghana?
Traditional Ghanaian Dishes You Need To Try
- Jollof rice. Originally from Senegal, Jollof is a pot dish of rice prepared with tomato sauce and served with meat or fish that stirs up plenty of interesting debate online.
- Banku and tilapia
- Fufu and goat light soup.
What language does Ghana speak?
Ghana / Official language
Ghana has over 50 indigenous languages (Dakubu, 1996), and the main ones are Akan, Ewe, Ga, Dagaare, and Dagbani, with English as the official language.
Out of these languages, only 11 languages are taught in schools and few of them are used on the radio and television.
What snacks are popular in Ghana?
- Groundnut cake (nkatie cake)
- Egg and pepper (nkosua ne meko)
- Coconut candy (akoshie toffee)
- Boiled/Roasted maize and coconut
- Roasted maize and groundnut (abele ke nkatie)
- Roasted plantain and groundnut (Kofi brokeman)
- Plantain chips.
What should I eat in the morning in Ghana?
Below are some typical food eaten in the morning in Ghana.
- Hausa Koko and Koose. The meal which is mostly accompanied by Koose is something Ghanaians love to eat in the morning
- Tom Brown
- Beans And fried ripe plantain/rice
- Koko with bread
- Rice Water
What is Ghana most famous for?
Besides being known for its lush forests, diverse animal life, and miles of sandy beaches along a picturesque coast, Ghana is also renowned for its rich history—its habitation possibly dating from 10,000 bce – and as a fascinating repository of cultural heritage
Ghanaian food that gives blood during pregnancy ~ what food gives more blood during pregnancy?
Foods that have iron, for example, beans, green leafy vegetables, lentils, meat, and spinach all support the mother’s body in making more blood for both mom and baby.
Ghana Food near Me
- Ghana main Spots
- Ghana High Buka
- Kitchen Afrikana
- Ghana High Restaurant
- African finger foods
Ghanaian desserts ~ what deserts are in Ghana?
9 Best Ghanaian Desserts
- Peanut Brittle
- Condensed Milk Toffee
- Ripe Plantain Cake