Tamal is a Mexican dish consisting of corn masa dough with a filling that can be either savory or sweet, wrapped and steamed in corn husks, leaves, or banana leaves.
The tamales by tradition go together with atole, a masa drink.
Looking at the map of America, it is Michelle Obama’s favorite food and is also popular across Latin America, the Caribbean, the Philippines, and the United States.
Tamal vs. Tamale- What’s the difference?
There’s a debate raging on the Internet and inside Mexican American culture: What is the singular of “tamales”?
The singular is tamal, the plural is tamales. Tamale is the English spelling
Do You Know?
Tamale is the name of the capital city of the Northern Region of Ghana, West Africa.
Many are certain that the best tamales are from the Oaxaca region of Mexico, which comes with its variation called tamales oaxaqueños.
These vary from bog-standard tamales because it is slightly sweeter and wetter dough, wrapped in banana leaves rather than corn husk.
Tamales rojo (red tamales) are packed with shredded meat such as beef or pork in a red chili sauce.
Tamales verde (green tamales) similarly have the same meat and a different sauce made from sour, green tomatillos.
While Tamales dulce, the sweet variety, is packed with dried fruits such as raisins or berries.
There are lots of local variations in the dough and filling for tamales.
The uchepos of Morelia and tamales dulces of Jalisco make use of fresh rather than dried corn.
Fillings may encompass fish, cheese, meat, chilis, herbs, or vegetables in savory or sweet combinations; certain tamales are even cooked “blind,” with no filling.
Whatever the variety, tamales have a unique place in the colorful Mexican cuisine and culture.
What Is In Tamale?
Tamales are an old Mexican meal made with a corn dough combination (often maseca) that is packed with many types of meat.
They are enfolded and cooked in corn husks or banana leaves!
Tamales are stodgy, comforting and delicious, and are symbolic of Mexican street food.
Street vendors can be seen hawking them morning, noon and night across the country, although they are most common as breakfast food.
It is also the primary dish of many Mexican mothers’ kitchen, particularly over the festive period and through national celebrations, such as the Independence Day.
Nowadays, the fillings can be anything from eggs, beans to chicken, pork, fish, hard cooked pumpkin-seeds or squash.
Types of Tamal
There are several types of tamales, but they all depend on the same base.
Tamales are fluffy, steamed dough pockets enfolded in either corn husks or edible leaves, packed with anything from meat to veggies and usually eaten with salsa.
They are usually a special-event food and they take time to prepare because all the stuffing and folding is by hand.
Where to Find Ingredients for Tamales
You can buy the main ingredients- corn husks and the dough (masa ) at a Mexican grocery store.
Some stores sell “masa preparada,” dough that has lard and baking powder already in it.
How to Serve, Store, and Freeze Tamales
As soon as you fill and fold, tamales can be cooked instantly or frozen raw, then steamed directly from the freezer.
They also rewarm well — wrap them in a few layers of paper towels and heat at 80% power in your microwave.
You can serve and eat Tamales out of the husk.
More Tips for Making Homemade Mexican Tamales
Making tamales takes time, and needs patience, but the outcome is a beautiful and flavorful meal.
There are just two main steps to making homemade tamales.
- The dough, called “masa”
- The filling
You can fill the tamales with whatsoever meat and sauce mixture you like, or fill them with the cheese and common beans.
Tamale Filling: Ingredients
- 1 ¼ pound pork loin
- One large onion, halved
- 1 clove garlic
- 4 dried California chili pods
- 2 cups of water
- 1½ teaspoons salt
Tamale Dough: Ingredients
- 2 cups masa harina
- 1 (10.5 ounces) can beef broth
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- ½ teaspoon salt
- 2/3 cup lard
- 1 (8 ounces) package dried corn husks
- 1 cup of sour cream
- Firstly, place the pork into a Dutch oven with onion and garlic, and add water to cover.
- Next, allow boiling, and then lessen heat to low and simmer while cooking the meat for about 2 hours.
- Thirdly, using rubber gloves remove stems and seeds from the chili pods. Then, place chilies in a saucepan with 2 cups of water.
- Now, allow simmering, uncovered, for 20 minutes, then take away from heat to cool. Relocate the chilies and water to a blender and blend until smooth.
- After that, strain the mixture, stir in salt, and set aside. Slice the cooked meat and mix in one cup of the chili sauce.
- Likewise, the corn husks soak in a bowl of warm water. In a large bowl, beat the lard with a tablespoon of the broth until fluffy.
- Besides, combine the masa harina, baking powder, and salt; stir into the lard mixture, adding more broth as needed to form a spongy dough.
- Also, spread the dough out over the corn husks to ¼ to ½ inch width. Place one tablespoon of the meat filling into the center.
- Then, fold the sides of the husks in toward the center and place in a steamer for an hour.
- Lastly, remove tamales from husks and drizzle remaining chili sauce over. Top with sour cream.
For a creamy sauce, mix sour cream into the chili sauce.