What Is Evaporated Milk? How to Make Evaporated Milk (Recipe)
Whole milk, low-fat milk, and skim milk are the three types of evaporated milk available. The advantage of evaporated milk is its long shelf life: canned milk can keep its flavor for up to two years, and possibly longer.
If a can of evaporated milk is dark yellow or brown when you open it, don’t use it. The same can be said about milk that has a foul odor or has curdled.
Fresh milk is boiled to remove more than half of the water, resulting in evaporated milk. Use it like milk by adding water, or as half-and-half by pouring it directly from the can.
Rich and creamy, it’s ideal for baking, custards, soups, and even ice cream.
Evaporated milk keeps for almost a year on the shelf and can be used in sweet and savory dishes in place of milk or half-and-half. What more could you possibly ask of a can?
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Table of Contents
What Is Evaporated Milk and How Does It Work?
Evaporated milk is concentrated, shelf-stable milk sold in cans. Shortly after the introduction of sweetened condensed milk in the 1890s, evaporated milk was invented.
It’s prepared by heating milk at a low temperature until the water content is nearly half gone. After being reduced and homogenized, evaporated milk is sterilized.
Evaporated milk was created as a shelf-stable substitute to fresh milk that could be diluted with the same quantity of water. Desserts like ice cream, cheesecake, and puddings need evaporated milk.
What Is Condensed Milk and How Does It Work?
Condensed milk, often known as sweetened condensed milk (unsweetened condensed milk is not available), is a concentrated milk product manufactured by boiling cow’s milk at low pressure.
After heating the milk until the water content has been decreased by half, sugar is added to raise the sugar level to 55 percent. The end result is shelf-stable and can be used in a variety of desserts.
Although canned sweetened condensed milk was first introduced in the United States in 1861, the practice of boiling fresh milk with sweeteners to make it more stable dates back thousands of years to Indian milk desserts known as mithai. Lemon meringue, fudge, and custard may all be made with condensed milk.
What Is the Difference Between Evaporated and Condensed Milk?
Both evaporated and condensed milk is created by eliminating roughly 60% of the water from cow’s milk to create a concentrated, shelf-safe form of milk.
In terms of sugar content, color, flavor, and texture, however, there are a few fundamental differences between evaporated milk and condensed milk.
Sweetness: Evaporated milk is unsweetened, while sweetened condensed milk is sweetened with sugar added as a natural preservative.
Because fresh dairy milk naturally includes around 5% sugar, mostly in the form of lactose, evaporated milk is about 10% sugar by weight. The average amount of sugar in sweetened condensed milk is 55 percent.
Flavor: Condensed milk does not need to be heat-sterilized like evaporated milk because of its high sugar content. As a result, it lacks the caramelized flavor that evaporated milk has.
Due to the concentration of lactose and protein that happens during cooking, evaporated milk has a tan tint. Because of the increased sugar content, sweetened condensed milk has a lighter tint.
Texture: Evaporated milk gives baked items like pies and cakes a lighter, airier texture, whereas condensed milk gives them a deep creaminess.
How to Make Evaporated Milk and Condensed Milk Substitutes
Evaporated milk and sweetened condensed milk can be utilized in a variety of savory and dessert dishes.
If you don’t have either of these items in your pantry, there are a few ways to manufacture evaporated milk or condensed milk from other pantry essentials.
Substitute for condensed milk: Bring three-quarters of a cup of sugar and 12 ounces of evaporated milk to a boil over medium-high heat on the stovetop, then decrease, simmer, and cool.
As a replacement, you can use sweet, thick coconut cream in a 1:1 ratio.
Condensed milk should not be used as a substitute for evaporated milk since it is too sweet (especially if the recipe calls for mostly savory ingredients).
Instead, prepare your own evaporated milk by combining two cups of milk with a teaspoon of salt and simmering it for thirty minutes over medium heat.
In some recipes, coconut milk can be used in place of evaporated milk in a 1:1 ratio.
How to Make a Recipe using Evaporated Milk
Evaporated milk is frequently used in custards, cakes, shakes, and candies like fudge in the same manner as half-and-half is.
You’ll be pleased you have that can of evaporated milk in the pantry when a recipe asks for milk and you don’t have any on hand.
Take it in your hands, shake it, open it, and make a decision. You can either dilute it and add the measured amount, or you can use it straight.
It will offer extra richness to whatever you’re preparing if you use it undiluted. When a recipe specifically asks for evaporated milk, use it straight from the can, undiluted.
Recipes with Evaporated Milk
- Baked Doughnuts with Chocolate Glaze and Sprinkles
- Chicken Casserole with Poppy Seeds
How to Make Evaporated Milk
You can create your own evaporated milk in less than half an hour if you run out.
In a saucepan, heat the milk to a low simmer, not a boil. If you have a quart of milk, cook it until it reaches 12-14 ounces in volume.
People also ask
- Is it possible to drink evaporated milk?
So, do you think you could drink evaporated milk? Yes, evaporated milk can be consumed.
Although it is possible to drink it straight from the can, few people do so; instead, many people dilute it with water.
- Can I use evaporated milk instead of ordinary milk?
Fresh milk is evaporated by removing the water and then heating it.
The darker color and creamy, slightly cooked taste of heated milk come from heating it.
It can be used in place of fresh milk in recipes when blended with an equal amount of water.
- How long does evaporated milk keep after it has been opened?
Approximately 4 to 6 days.
Cover the opened can tightly with a plastic wrap or lid, or with aluminum foil, to extend the shelf life of canned evaporated milk.
What is the shelf life of opened canned evaporated milk in the refrigerator?
Evaporated milk that has been kept refrigerated for a long time will last for about 4 to 6 days.
- Is it safe for toddlers to sip evaporated milk?
Baby Formula Substitute Made from Evaporated Milk
A full quart of emergency formula can be made from a single 13-ounce can of evaporated milk. The procedure is straightforward, quick, and, most importantly, does not jeopardize your child’s health.
- How does evaporated milk vary from condensed milk?
Sweetened condensed milk is sweetened with additional sugar, which functions as a natural preservative.
Evaporated milk is unsweetened. Because fresh dairy milk naturally includes around 5% sugar, mostly in the form of lactose, evaporated milk is about 10% sugar by weight.
- Can I bake using evaporated milk?
Fresh milk is boiled to remove more than half of the water, resulting in evaporated milk.
Use it like milk by adding water, or as half-and-half by pouring it directly from the can. Rich and creamy, it’s ideal for baking, custards, soups, and even ice cream.
- Is it possible to freeze milk?
Frozen milk can be kept in the freezer for up to 6 months, although it’s best if you can consume it within a month of freezing.
To reduce the risk of bacterial growth, milk should be defrosted in the refrigerator rather than at room temperature.
- Can you produce milk by adding water to evaporated milk?
Yes, evaporated milk can be reconstituted to the consistency of ordinary milk.
According to one manufacturer’s FAQs, the right ratio is 1 part evaporated milk to 1 part water (e.g., if the recipe calls for 1 cup milk, use 1/2 cup evaporated milk and 1/2 cup water).
- What is the secret to making evaporated milk taste like ordinary milk?
Combine equal parts milk and water to rehydrate evaporated milk. If a recipe asks for 1 cup fat-free milk, for example, mix ½ cup evaporated fat-free milk with ½ cup water.
- What may be used in place of evaporated milk?
There are five alternatives to evaporated milk.
- Regular Milk: Unsurprisingly, the milk you already have in the fridge will be a fine substitute for evaporated milk.
- Non-Dairy Milk
- Powdered Milk
- Half and Half
- Heavy Cream
- Is it possible to make mac and cheese with evaporated milk instead of milk?
Fresh milk is used to make regular macaroni and cheese. So, in a mac and cheese recipe, what can you use instead of milk?
The solution is evaporated milk.