Fura da Nono is a popular African cold gruel produced and consumed mostly by the Fulani in Northern Nigeria.
The meaning of Fura da Nono in English is simply “millet and milk gruel.”
Fura Da Nono Meaning in Detail
It means “millet balls” these balls of millet dough apart from Nigeria are eaten in other parts of West Africa including Ghana and Burkina Faso.
Fura normally goes with milk, which is why it is named Fura da Nono; fura and milk.
Nono/Nunu is locally fermented milk with a consistency that is thick but not quite as thick as yogurt.
It is obtained from the fermented milk after the separation of the milk from its lipid component called “Man Shanu” (cow oil).
The art of Nono production is one of the many unique customs the Fulani’s have preserved for centuries
The Northern part of Nigeria is home to herdsmen who rear cattle, so the milk factory (cows, goats) from which this drink is gotten is always available.
The first time I tried this tasty African cold gruel was at Sokoto orientation camp as a youth corper, in Sokoto state.
It had tiny balls of millet which rolled on my tongue and I was immediately hooked and of course, planned on making my gindirimo (Nono) drink.
Nutritional Benefits of Fura Da Nono
- Nono is loaded with vitamins and minerals that support vital physiological processes in the body.
- They include vitamin B5, vitamin B12, potassium, phosphorus, riboflavin, iodine, and zinc.
- Fura is made from millet, a gluten-free grain, with lots of minerals and vitamins. Besides, millet flour contains vital nutrients such as magnesium, calcium, manganese, tryptophan, phosphorus, fibre, and antioxidants.
Health Benefits of Fura Da Nono
- Millet helps with weight maintenance as it encourages fat metabolism, aids to repair body tissue, and keeps the body invigorated due to the presence of phosphorus in the plant.
- Millet assists in reducing the effects of migraines and heart attacks owing to the magnesium content.
- Also, vitamin B3 in millet assists in lowering cholesterol levels and reducing the risk of suffering from type 2 Diabetes.
- Nono boosts protein and bone building, it contain probiotics which helps feed the good bacteria in our bodies, and do away with the harmful micro-organisms that can lead to intestinal infections.
Hygiene and Fura: Side effects of Fura da Nono
Apart from the impact it may have on people who are lactose intolerant, the Fura da nono has no known side effect at present. Though ultimate hygiene is needed during preparation to avoid infection
How to Make Hausa Nunu at Home
There will be no history of fura de nunu without the amazing Fulani maidens selling the tasty Nono, sometimes with little Fura balls.
Below is a step by step guide on how to make fura da nono
Ingredients for Fura Balls:
- 400 Grams Millet Flour
- ½ – 1 Teaspoon Ginger Powder
- ¼ Teaspoon Ground Cloves (Gùrúmbàlí)
- ¼ Teaspoon Ground Pepper
- A pinch of Salt
- 1-¼ Cup of Water
Ingredients for Nunu/Nono
- Nono raw milk or the closest to Nono which can be Kafir milk, skimmed milk, yogurt, Greek yogurt or heavy creamed milk.
- Some people choice of dairy is half yogurt and half milk
- Sugar (Optional)
- Firstly, mix the millet flour with all the spices in a large bowl,
- Then, gradually add the water to the flour mixture until you reach the right consistency.
- Thirdly, mold the millet paste into small balls, the size of golf balls.
- After that, place the millet balls in a pot, add some water and boil them for about 30 minutes. The cooking duration depends on the size of your balls.
- When the millet balls have cooked, put them in a mortar and pound them into a paste. This is to avoid lumps and make it easier to break later on. A stand mixer or a food processor is also a good substitute.
- Lastly, mold the cooked millet paste into balls again. Coat the balls with some millet flour to keep them from sticking to each other.
Preparing the Nunu Drink
To drink, mash some millet balls into a bowl, add your dairy of choice and mix it to form a thick paste.
If it’s too thick add more diaries until you get the consistency you want.
On the other hand, put all the ingredients in a blender and blend them into fura da nono.
Questions People Ask On Fura Da Nono: Answers to Them
- Is Habib Yogurt Fattening?
Most Yogurt, including Habib yoghurt can make you add weight if you add too many extras such as sugars when blending with fura or consuming multiple cups per week
- Fura Da Nono during Pregnancy
Pregnant women are advised to stay safe, stay clear on unpasteurized dairy and juices.
Local milk (e.g. Fura), Maishanu, goat cheese, soft cheeses including the local varieties, made with unpasteurized milk are another story as they can harbor Listeria and other pathogens.