The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species.
Normally, it requires dry climate so the region it grows extends Africa to Senegal in the west, Ethiopia in east and Sudan, Mozambique and Madagascar in south
Tamarindus Indica Description
The tamarind tree is one of the most vital multipurpose tropical fruit tree species in the Indian subcontinent.
It produces pod-like fruit that contains a brown, edible pulp used in cuisines around the world. The pulp is also used in traditional medicine and as a metal polish.
The leaves are usually evergreen but may shed temporarily in very dry areas during the hot season
Tamarind fruit was at first believed to be produced by an Indian palm, as the common name Tamarind comes from a Persian word “Tamar-I-hind,” meaning date of India.
Every part of T. indica plant (root, bark, flower, fruit, seed, and leaves) not only has rich nutritional benefits and broad medicinal uses but also has industrial and economic importance.
The fruits, flattish, bean like, unevenly curved and bulged pods, are borne plenty along the new branches.
The mature fruit pulps can be sweet or sour and are used for various culinary, medicinal, food and ornamental purposes.
Tamarindus indica fruit extract is classified as a skin conditioning
In most of the African countries, it is also a common beverage. It is also frequently used in tropical countries because of its laxative and aphrodisiac properties.
T. indica is an inexpensive and easily accessible plant. It is high in phytochemicals, essential amino acids, and vitamins.
In traditional medicine Tamarindus indica uses is beneficial in the treatment of the following ailments:
- Helminthes infections
- Wound healing
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhea and dysentery
- Malaria and fever
- Cell cytotoxicity
- Eye diseases
Tamarindus indica has numerous chemical constituents and is high in phytochemicals. Therefore it possess the following activity:
- Antidiabetic Activity
- Antimicrobial Activity
- Hepatoprotective Activity
- Antiasthmatic Activity
- Antivenomic Activity
- Antioxidant Activity
- Antimalarial Activity
- Laxative Activity
- Anti-Hyperlipidemic Activity.
Above all, every part of the plant from root to leaf is useful for human necessities.
With the support of modern techniques, it can be useful in evidence-based medicine in so many health circumstances.
However, there is a need for additional investigation about this plant and its potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can help in many of the diseases.