Nigerian foods play an essential role in the country’s culinary culture. It’s what defines us as individuals. This is why, no matter where we are, we miss specific Nigerian dishes.
Do you wish to enjoy a magnificent adventure with your taste buds? If you answered yes, you should travel to Nigeria. Nigeria has a diverse and rich culinary culture as a West African country with a diverse ethnic population.
Depending on where you go in the country, they have a wide variety of delicacies. A variety of ingredients and staples across borders as well.
Nigeria, Africa’s behemoth, is well-known for its petroleum production and exportation, in addition to its food.
Nigerian food recipes remind those living abroad of our homeland, so it’s understandable that they get frustrated when substitute food doesn’t taste or look as good as the real thing.
Nigeria boasts one of the best cuisines in the world, with dishes or food items originating from the country’s diverse ethnic groups.
Spices and herbs, as well as palm or groundnut oil, are used in Nigerian cuisine, as well as that of other West African countries, such as Ghana and the Benin Republic, to produce richly flavored sauces and soups with enticing aromas.
Dishes or food ingredients from several ethnic groups make up the cuisine. Even though we have certain highly popular foods, the foods vary from tribe to tribe.
Rice, beans, Eba, soups, yam, maize, potatoes, moi moi, porridge, and garri are all common dishes in Nigeria.
Table of Contents
Nigerian Foods – What Is Nigeria’s Most Popular Food?
Rice is consumed throughout the country in various forms, such as coconut rice, jollof rice, and fried rice, as well as processed into the traditional dish pate, which is a mixture of rice and other ingredients.
Ground dry maize, spinach, tomatoes, onions, peppers, garden eggs, locust beans, groundnuts, biscuit bones, and minced pork are some of the ingredients in this dish.
Pate is popular in Nigeria’s northern states of Kano, Kaduna, Nasarawa, and Plateau.
What is the traditional food in Nigeria?
Banga soup, Miyan Kuka, Okro soup, Ewedu soup, Pepper soup, Egusi soup, Afang, and Edikan Ikon soup are among the most popular soups consumed across the country.
These soups are made with a variety of ingredients, including local condiments like processed locust beans (Iru) and vegetables including spinach, waterleaf, bitter leaf, and pumpkin leaves.
Fufu, Eba, amala, starch, pounded yam, and other swallow starchy foods are commonly served with these soups.
Nigerian Food Spice
Spices like thyme, curry, ginger, nutmeg, cloves, habanero pepper, and Scotch Bonnet are employed because of the early international impact on Nigerian food culture by Portuguese, British, Dutch, and other European traders.
Which Nigerian foods are the healthiest?
Some of the foods listed below are native to Nigeria and are high in dietary fiber (which is good for the heart) and low in added sugar, fat, and sodium.
Check It Out
- Waterleaf increases immunity, improves blood circulation, and aids weight loss.
- Edikang Ikong Soup.
- Egusi soup
- Unripe plantain porridge.
- Moin Moin for the culture.
- Ofada rice and beef sauce.
Protein is never in short supply in Nigerian cuisine. Various meats, including beef, mutton, and chicken, as well as various fish species, are frequently used to garnish it to your liking. The use of seafood such as prawns, periwinkles, clams, snails, and crabs in soups and stews is also widespread in the country’s southern regions. Your taste buds will be blown away by these meals!
Here are 27 of the best Nigerian food lists, names, and photos for you to choose from. These are some of Nigeria’s most popular cuisines, which bring Nigerians together both at home and abroad.
We’ve all missed these well-known foods at some point. I recommend that you try as many as possible. When you see a familiar recipe, learn the ones you don’t know and add them to what you already know.
There are a lot of choices when it comes to Nigerian food recipes. It is never too late to pick up a new skill
Nigerian Foods under Rice Recipes
- Party Jollof Rice
This signature jollof rice is famous Nigerian food. A Nigerian party is not complete without jollof rice! There is a theory that the Nigerian party jollof rice is unique.
Well, the food has a special taste and aroma that is different from ordinary jollof rice. Most Nigerians look forward to owanbe parties, to enjoy this takeout Nigerian food.
- Banga Soup (Ofe Akwu) With Rice
Ofe akwu as it is fondly called by the Igbo’s is a very important part of Nigerian food, Banga soup is a kind of stew made from palm fruit, often eaten with rice. A must to include in your Nigerian food timetable.
- Tuwo Shinkafa
Tuwo shinkafa is translated from the Hausa language meaning – mashed rice. It is one of the most delicious foods in the northern part of Nigeria.
Tuwo is made of soft rice and spicy sauce. Most northerners from Nigerian living abroad love and miss this food.
- Ofada Rice Stew
The dish is a stew that originates from western Nigeria and is commonly eaten with locally grown rice called ofada rice.
People go crazy over ofada rice and stew. Possibly because of the iru (locust beans) ingredient that makes the stew unique or the fact that it is made with just peppers and assorted meats.
Under Beans Recipe
- Ewa Aganyin
Ewa aganyin is a delicious beans dish, popular for its softness and tasty sauce. It is usually eaten with Agege bread, boiled yams, and fried plantains and it tastes ah-mazing!
- Akara and Pap
Akara and pap are some of Nigerian’s native breakfast foods. Pap is cornmeal made from wet corn starch while akara, on the other hand, is a processed ground bean, turned into a fried bean cake.
Akara is also a great street food as sellers can be found frying them at different hours of the day. It is popularly served with ogi (pap), bread, and cornstarch (agidi or eko).
- Moin Moin
Moimoi or moin-moin is a steamed bean pudding made from a combination of grounded-pealed beans, pepper, and onions.
It is a Nigerian staple food that is very rich in protein. Delicious and native to the Yoruba people of Nigeria
Nigerian Foods Under Native Soups
Soups are very essential to Nigerian food recipes. All Nigerian soups can be served with eba (garri), tuwo shinkafa, pounded yam, agidi, amala, semolina, or cassava fufu.
- Amala and Ewedu Soup with Buka Stew
Ewedu Elegusi (Jute + Melon Seed) is a Yoruba food that is commonly served with gbegiri (beans soup) and or palm oil-based stew.
This mishmash is often set aside for amala (fermented yam dumpling) and served as daily lunch or during occasions.
- Bitter Leaf Soup with Fufu
Bitter leaf soup is one of the most popular soups in Igbo land. The Igbo people of Nigeria refer to it as ofe onugbu.
The name bitter-leaf soup is derived from the fact that a particular leaf that is bitter (until washed) is used in cooking it. Serve with pounded yam, fufu Nigerian food, semo, wheat, or garri.
- Okra Soup and Eba
Okra soup is one of the cheapest and quickest Nigerian soups to prepare. This soup is known as miyan kubewa in Hausa and is good for students and weight loss.
How to cook
Once you are through with cutting the okra, the soup cooks in no time at all. Serve with eba, or swallow of choice.
- Edikang Ikong Soup
The healthy Nigerian edikang ikong soup or simply vegetable soup is native to the Efik, people from Akwa Ibom and the Cross River state of Nigeria.
Prepared with a substantial amount of pumpkin and water leaves, this Nigerian soup recipe is nutritious in every sense of the word.
- Pepper Soup
The Nigerian pepper soup is a common Nigerian soup recipe. It is such an adaptable recipe since it can be prepared with different types of fish and meat.
As a result, we have the catfish pepper soup (popularly known as point & kill), chicken pepper soup, the goat meat pepper soup, the cow foot pepper soup, and the assorted beef pepper soup
Photo Image Source: sisijimamah.com
- Otong Soup – Best Efik Style Okra Soup
The Efiks know this soup as Otong soup. The Yoruba’s know it as Ila asepo, the Igbos call it “Okwuru” and the rest of us know it simply as Okra.
- Oha Soup
Ora (oha) soup is origin in southeastern Nigeria. It is a traditional soup comparable to the bitter leaf soup but prepared with ora leaves.
Ora (oha) soup is a special dish because the tender ora leaves used in cooking this soup recipe are seasonal not like their bitter leaf counterpart which can be found all year round.
Photo Image Source: www.mamadish.com
- Ekpang Nkukwo
Ekpang nkwukwo is one of the Nigerian cocoyam recipes made with grated cocoyam, cocoyam leaves, water yam, and periwinkle.
It is a Nigerian food recipe origin to south southeastern Nigeria, the cross river, and the Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria.
- Starch and Banga Soup
Banga soup is popular in the southern part of Nigeria. This delicious Nigerian soup can be served with starch. Who would not miss it?
- Semolina and Efo Riro
Efo riro is a Yoruba delicacy that is native to Western Nigeria. Green vegetables like pumpkin leaves or water leaves are used in preparing the stew, spinach, can also be added to the ingredients.
Usually, eaten with semolina, this food combination is missed by Nigerians in the diaspora.
- Afang Soup
Nigerian afang soup is similar to the edikang ikong soup. It is native to the Efik people of Akwa Ibom and cross river states of Nigeria but enjoyed by all.
It is also very nutritious as the soup consists mainly of vegetables. This soup is cooked with a generous quantity of Water leaves and the wild herbal okazi leaves.
- Ofe Nsala
Ofe nsala (nsala soup) is a popular soup in the eastern part of Nigeria. It is also known as white soup because of its light color, due to the absence of palm oil.
The real nsala soup recipe calls for fresh whole catfish, which gives this soup its distinctive flavor. However, in the absence of catfish, catfish fillets or conger eel can be used.
Suya is spicy meat that is enjoyed as a delicacy in West Africa. (also called agashe). Suya is usually made with skewered ram, beef, or chicken.
It is by tradition prepared by the Hausa people of northern Nigeria. Innards such as kidneys and liver are also used.
Kilishii is a dried form of suya and a delicacy in Hausa land. It is made from cow, sheep, or goat meat after the bone has been removed.
Kilishi can be kept for months without much change to its taste.
- Abacha and Ugba
Abacha and ugba are known as African salads and they can be eaten as a meal or snack, people eat them as a meal because it fills up the stomach just like any other meal.
This meal is well-known and very popular in the eastern part of Nigeria, among the Igbos, and they love it.
Nkwobi is a popular cooked spicy cow leg dessert in eastern Nigeria. Most Nigerian men visit Igbo restaurants to enjoy this special delicacy.
- Ijebu Garri and Groundnut
Interestingly, nothing is as comforting as taking garri and groundnut with chilled water during a hot day.
The combination gives a kind of satisfaction that only Nigerians can understand. Ijebu garri can be enjoyed with groundnut or smoked fish.
- Boli and Groundnut
Boli-roasted plantain is truly a mouthwatering snack for Nigerians especially when taken with groundnut or pepper sauce.
This snack is loved by Nigerians both within and abroad.
- Puff Puff – Hearty Sweet Delicious Balls
A common West African street food that’s quick and easy to create with different variations. Nigerian puff puff is that spongy, deep-fried, round snack that is from Nigeria.
- Ukwa – A Traditional Porridge
Ukwa also is known as breadfruit in English is a versatile meal and common in the eastern part of Nigeria. It could be eaten fried alongside palm kernel or coconut.
Ukwa can be prepared with maize or the authentic traditional way which is to mash it up (ukwa agworoagwo).
After that, serve with the liquid (mmiri ukwa) that has scent leaf or bitter leaf being added to it.
FAQ’S About Nigerian Foods
Rice stew, similar to maafe, is a stew made from goat, beef, or chicken and cooked with tomato, onion, pepper, and groundnut sauce.
- What Is The National Dish Of Nigeria?
The national dish of Nigeria is jollof rice. This is the most common food that is eaten all over Nigeria. A one-pot spicy rice dish cooked in tomato and broth.
- What Is A Typical Nigerian Diet?
The traditional Nigerian food guide is a food pyramid divided into five food groups. At the bottom are bread, grains, and tubers, followed by vegetables and fruits.
- Is Nigerian Food Spicy?
Nigerian pepper soup is among the nation’s preferred dishes due to its intensely spicy flavor and the range of meat, fish, or chicken that can be used to cook it.
- What Is A Typical Nigerian Breakfast?
Breakfast is the first and most vital meal of the day, most often eaten in the early morning. In Nigeria, breakfast foods choice ranges from light to heavy, depending on the type of food source.
Akara and pap, Ewa with agege bread, egg sauce are all examples of breakfast foods in Nigeria.
- What Is The Staple Food Of Nigeria?
Staple crop production and consumption: Nigeria’s staple products in West Africa are yams, cassava, maize, rice, sorghum, millet, beans, and legumes.
- What Food Do the Yoruba’s Eat?
Most Yoruba foods are usually a combination of different colorful food rudiments, it is always a pleasant sight to behold, that’s the way the Yoruba’s like to eat, they like a blend of soups/stew/ assorted meat plus eba or pounded yam.
- How Much Is Food In Nigeria?
The cost of living in Nigeria is relatively high when compared to countries like the United States of America. The cost of living is the amount of money needed to sustain a certain standard of living by affording basic expenses such as housing, food, taxes, and healthcare.
- Nigerian Foods Near Me
Nigerian foods are sold everywhere in Nigeria. You can buy from the local markets, departmental stores like Shoprite and on the street! You can even order online! Enjoy.